The Hazel is a species of hazel native to Europe and western Asia, from the British Isles south to Iberia, Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, north to central Scandinavia, and east to the central Ural Mountains, the Caucasus, and northwestern Iran.
Height & Age
It normally grows to 3-8 meters but can reach 15 and reaches ages of over 100 years.
Flowers & Fruits
The leaves provide food for many animals, including Lepidoptera such as case-bearer moths. Caterpillars of the concealer moth, Alabonia geoffrella, have been found feeding inside dead common hazel twigs. The fruit are possibly even more important animal food, both for invertebrates and animals such as squirrels.
In Ireland, the Hazel was known as the ‘Tree of Knowledge’, and in medieval times it was a symbol of fertility.